The manufacturing industry is responsible for producing goods. Typically, these goods are produced at large factories. Manufacturing can also include the building of infrastructure, such as roads and facilities for producing and distributing water and power. Manufacturing is a source of jobs, as well as the segment that makes a significant portion of the nation's wealth. When a country exports more than it imports it generally receives more money than it spends, which results in greater wealth. Manufacturing services include laser cutting, water jet cutting, welding, assembly, contract manufacturing, etc. It can be interesting to learn more about each service mentioned above.
Laser cutting is mostly a thermal process in which a focused laser beam is used to melt material in a localised area. Laser cutting is applied to different kinds of materials where complex contours demand precise, fast and force-free processing. Lasers create narrow kerfs and thus achieve high-precision cuts. This method does not show any distortion and in many cases post-processing is not necessary as the component is subject to only little heat input. Laser cutting manufacturing services use industrial-grade lasers to cut metals, plastics, rubber, glass, stone, foam and composite materials. Other laser cut parts are made of wood, plastics, glass and ceramics. The benefit of laser cutting is the localised laser energy input providing small focal diameters, small kerf widths, high feed rate and minimal heat input.
The next type of manufacturing services is water jet cutting. Being an innovative and relatively new technology, jet cutting allows for precise yet inexpensive cutting of a wide range of materials. The principle behind a water jet is quite simple. As the name implies, a jet of water is directed out of an orifice at about three times the speed of sound. The intense pressure of the narrow stream allows the water to cut through almost any material placed in front of it. Although water jets can cut virtually any material, they are mostly used for flat sheets of plastic, aluminum, steel, tile and stone. Sometimes an abrasive such as garnet or sand is added to the water to improve the cutting efficiency.
Speaking about manufacturing services it is also important to mention welding. The number of different welding processes has grown recently. They differ greatly in the manner in which heat, pressure, or both heat and pressure are applied as well as in the type of equipment used. Some welding processes require hammering, pressing or rolling to affect the coalescence in the weld joint. Other methods bring the metal to a fluid state and the edges flow together. Materials processed by providers of welding services include aluminum, cast iron, copper, ornamental iron, stainless steel, structural steel, tool steel, exotic metals and plastic.
Contract manufacturing services represent a process that establishes a working agreement between two companies. As part of the agreement, one company produces parts or other materials on behalf of their client. In most cases, the manufacturer also handles the ordering and shipment processes for the client. As a result, the client does not have to maintain manufacturing facilities, purchase raw materials, or hire labour in order to produce the finished goods. Such contract manufacturing services are beneficial for both companies. For the manufacturer, it is a guarantee of steady work. For the client, there is no need to purchase or rent production facilities, buy equipment, purchase raw materials, or hire and train employees to produce the goods. There are also no troubles caused by employees who fail to work efficiently, equipment that breaks down or any of the other minor details that any manufacturing company must face on a daily basis.
Manufacturing services provided by manufacturing companies are dynamic and adaptable. They have been fine-tuned to respond rapidly to specific customer requirements, no matter how demanding they are.